Lombardi Research Group - Structural Geology
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Structural Geology

Structural geology is a very broad topic that involves the study of rock deformation, including how, why and where fractures, faults, and folds form.

This research field is extremely important to society in terms of its safety (for example, understanding how earthquakes occur) and its use of natural resources (such as helping to find and characterise oil and gas reservoirs).

Our group uses classical mapping techniques, geophysical and geochemical survey methods, and cutting-edge computer modelling to better understand the geological world around us.

Recently these methods have been used to better understand gas migration in the deep subsurface to assess the safety of carbon capture and storage (CCS).

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Structural mapping

The first step in the mapping of geological structures involves hands-on work in the field, measuring the orientation of fault, fracture, and fold surfaces so that their origin and evolution can be interpret (...)

Mapping gas migration along faults

As most earthquakes occur along already-existing faults, it is critically important to accurately map the location of these structures.  This work is typically done by geological measurements on the (...)

Modelling of gas migration along faults

Field and laboratory evidence suggest that we can rarely model fluid flow and transport in a fractured reservoir by treating it as a uniform isotropic continuum. Instead, we must account for the highly h (...)

Geochemical earthquake precursors

An earthquake occurs when stress builds up in the deep sub-surface to the point where failure occurs and rocks are forced to move relative to each other. This starts with the initial formation of a fault (...)

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